Becoming a Doctor in Canada

To become a doctor in Canada, you need to have a Bachelor Degree from an accredited institution, medical degree, and training.

Undergraduate Studies and Pre-med Courses

Students who wish to pursue a medical degree usually enroll in an undergraduate program offering pre-med courses, including biology, chemistry, or physics. Pre-medical courses include organic and inorganic chemistry, math, introductory biochemistry, biology, and cellular and molecular biology.

Canadian Universities and Medical Schools

The list of medical schools in Canada is long and includes the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, Queen’s School of Medicine, Cumming School of Medicine, and others. Students at the University of Toronto, for example, come from diverse backgrounds and hold graduate and undergraduate degrees from Canadian and non-Canadian universities and colleges. The curriculum is based on interpersonal education, elective learning, and core courses. Students learn about indigenous health, care for the elderly, pharmacology, medical imaging, and more.

Average Salaries

The average salary of doctors and family physicians in Canada is $146,596. Physicians’ salaries are in the range of about $58,000 and $308,500, depending on experience, position, location, and so on. Surgeons’ salaries range from about $62,000 to $420,000. The average salary of pediatricians in Canada is $160,945.

Cost of Tuition

Tuition fees at Canadian medical schools vary, depending on factors such as place of residence, type of program, i.e. PhD or MD, and whether the applicant is a foreign student above quota, foreign student, permanent resident, or Canadian citizen. Tuition fees also vary by university and program. Ontario has the highest tuition fees of all provinces – $22,744. The average for Canada is $12,959 per academic year. Tuition fees are different for foreign and domestic students. At the Memorial University of Newfoundland, for example, foreign students pay $30,000 a year while domestic students pay $6,250 per academic year.

Funding Your Studies

Government Loans

Many students find it difficult to pay tuition fees and resort to student loans and credit cards. The interest rate is lower compared to what finance companies and banks have on offer. There are two options – a floating or fixed rate, which are the prime + 2.5 or + 5, respectively. There are different rates for separate and integrated loans. Students who are unable to make payments after graduation have several options, one being to reduce their monthly payment. Often students apply for government-sponsored loans, and the main reason is affordability. Loan forgiveness is also an option for nurses, residents in family medicine, and physicians. Applicants who work in remote and rural communities qualify for loan forgiveness.

Funding by Private Providers

Some financial institutions also offer loans to medical students. The Royal Bank of Canada, for example, offers lines of credit, mortgages, and other financial products. Students in Medicine and Dentistry benefit from a competitive interest rate (prime +0.25) and a large limit of up to $275,000. They are also offered a grace period of 2 years after graduation. RBC’s banking package features car loan rate discounts, additional bank accounts, free checks, and no overdraft protection and monthly fee. Many Canadian banks also offer student cards to help pay day-to-day and student expenses. Ad-ons and perks include things like no annual fee, welcome points, no blackout periods, cash back, and more.

Scholarships, Bursaries, and Working while Studying

Bursaries and scholarships are also available, for example, the BC Medical Association Bursary, B. J. Twaites Prize, Amy E. Sauder Scholarship, etc. A third option is to find a job off-campus or on-campus, either full-time or part-time. There are plenty of options for medical students, including research, overnight sleeping shifts, hospital laboratory work, medical clerical work, and others.

Audiology in Canada

Audiology is a healthcare science that studies balance and hearing and related damage and disorders. Professionals use different diagnostic strategies and tools such as electrophysiologic tests, videonystagmography, hearing tests, and others.

Studying Audiology in Canada

Five Canadian universities offer a Master’s Degree in Audiology, including Dalhousie University, University of Ottawa, University of Western Ontario, Université de Montréal, and University of British Columbia. Some programs are in French only. Students enrolled in an audiology program learn more about the fundamentals of speech, language and speech acquisition, hearing measurement and diagnostic tools, and a lot more. The curriculum includes a selection of courses such as pediatric audiology, implantable technologies, hearing disorders, clinical methods, speech language pathology, etc. Graduates have plenty of choice when it comes to career options and work with different age groups, including newborns, toddlers, youth, centenarians, etc. Audiologists work in settings such as universities, publicly-funded healthcare facilities, and private practices. Audiologists typically counsel patients, offer help through hearing rehabilitation programs, prescribe medications, and fit hearing aids. They also develop hearing conservation programs to help patients avoid hearing loss. Finally, audiologists specialize in hearing screening for newborns and assess patients with disorders.

Audiology Associations in Canada

There are several professional associations in Canada, among which Speech – Language & Audiology Canada and the Canadian Academy of Audiology. The former is a member association with a focus on speech and language pathology. Core values of the association include being responsive, member-driven, visionary, inclusive, evidence-based, and accountable. Different awards are awarded each year, including the Consumer Advocacy Award, Excellence in Applied Research Reward, Lifetime Achievement Award, and many others. The Canadian Academy of Audiology is a national association that works to support healthcare professionals through research, education, and advocacy. The academy offers educational resources such as e-books, videos, guidelines, reports, and others. What is more, the association offers bursaries and grants such as the student travel bursary and clinical research grant. CAA also organizes different events, including awareness campaigns, webinars, and the CAA Conference. Special interest groups work to offer peer support and mentorship and to discuss advanced technologies, research, and best practices. Such groups are the Canadian Coalition for Adult Hearing Health, the Canadian Infant Hearing Task Force, and others. Focus areas include advocacy, communication, rehabilitation, testing, etc. Other focus areas are hearing assistance aids and technologies, communication strategies, and prevention. Special interest groups offer free educational resources such as podcasts, conferences, handouts, and research studies.

The Canadian Academy of Audiology also offers awards and honors such as the Richard Seewald Career Award, Honours of the Academy, and the William Cole Industry Award, among others. Finally, the association also offers free marketing resources and tools and webinars on different topics. Webinars explore topics such as vestibular management and assessment, continuing education, hearing health and technologies, and others.

The Canadian Hearing Society offers services to patients with hearing problems, including aural rehabilitation, hearing healthcare and tests, and language and speech programs targeting both adults and children. Programs for adults focus on writing and reading, voice and pronunciation, and English for new immigrants with hearing loss. Programs for children are designed to help improve communication, language, and speech skills through play. Healthcare professionals work with families and children to improve their language and communications skills with the help of the American Sign Language.